Examples of Cold-Weather Clothes


Having understood how clothes keep you warm and decided on a , it’s time to go shopping.

These links illustrate the kinds of garments that are available from well-known outdoor brands; they are not recommendations of things to purchase. For casual use, high-powered mountain climbing gear isn’t necessary. Use the descriptions and images of the examples listed as a starting point to understand each category of clothes.


Body PartLayerUseful RangeExamples
Below −15°C
Stationary in rain /
Sustained rainfall
Static InsulationStationary below 0°C
InsulationStationary below 10°C /
Active below −10°C
Static InsulationStationary below −15°C
HandsBaseBelow 5°C / Wind / Rain
InsulationBelow 0°C
ProtectiveBelow 5°C / Wind / Rain
FeetBaseBelow −10°C / Hiking
ProtectiveAbove −10°C
  • Shoes
Below −10°C / Snow
  • Hiking / Winter Boots
HeadInsulationBelow 0°C
  • Hoods from torso layers
FaceBelow −10°C / Wind
  • Balaclava
EyesProtectiveAbove −10°C
  • Sunglasses
Below −10°C / Wind / Precipitation
NeckInsulationBelow 10°C / Wind

When considering which clothes to buy, you may wish to calculate the and compare that with the insulation of the clothes.

Further Reading

Outdoor Gear Lab is a trusted source of reviews. Their picks are tailored for physical activities like backpacking, hiking, skiing and mountain climbing; people looking to stay warm and dry while sight-seeing or travelling will likely be able to settle for apparel that has fewer features and is consequently much less expensive.

For more general information, Keeping Dry & Staying Warm (Part 1) is a good read about the principles of garment construction, insulation, and layering. The explanation of different hood designs is particularly useful – it turns out that many people who think they hate hooded jackets just haven’t used a good one.